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(2011-10-21) English and Music, Class 6 - Music Production, Listening, & Instrumentation
by 曾坤弘 2011-10-21 16:29:53, Reply(0), Views(1073)

6-2  English and Music at OUK

Hello and welcome to English and Music at Open University of Kaohsiung. This is Pr. Partrick Francis your instructor. This is class number 6 music production Active Listening And Instrumentation. This class I’ve included photo myself here. On the first page with instrument, this is my classical guitar, a my classical guitar by training.

And because I can include the picture today. Because we are going to talk about instruments and instrumentation. Instrumentation is simply, what instruments are used in a particular song or piece of music, if you want to know what instrument used ask, what is the instrumentation of this song, we are talking a little more about poor music production today with some, we have some music to listen to from 1980 as well as reviewing a little bit of music. But today the focus is Production Active Listening, we’ll be talk about this, Let’s talk about right now.

6-3 Music Production

Today we are listening from Music Production what decision remain and recording of this music what special techniques or use what instruments or use what did the song writer decide to do what creative decision do you made, that’s our listening for today. We are going to be listening very closely to music, down below you see a pair of headphone here. Active listening, active listening again is when we listen and we don’t do anything else, just listening devoiding on a tire attention to music to the piece music we are listening to. Passive listening is here doing some mother activity while you’re listing to music. Maybe you are working in the house, cleaning the house and you are listening music. Listening to music while you are cleaning the house, certainly make safe more enjoyable but you can’t really pay close attention to the music quire doing some mother activity listening. So let’s get start it.

6-4 Slide 3

Hare we have a song: Don’t Come Around Here No More by Tom Petty and see a picture there of Tom Petty and his hand of a hard breaks Tom Petty is the man, picture on the far left. And his hands are those for the gentleman in the picture. This picture is from 1970s. Actually, but the song we are going to listen to is from1985. Don’t Come Around Here Anymore will be the correct grammar, but often in songs some writers know the rule of grammar and use whatever the language they feel like also close wheel English, certain dialect English, certain region of the country, it is common to use know Don’t Come Around Here No More, to use that structure instead of Don’t Come Around Here Anymore. People don’t always pay attention to rule of Grammar. Of course man’s one case a creative choice Don’t Come Around no more Tom Petty, a little bit about Tom Petty. Tom Petty is one of the most successful rock musicians from the last twenty years. He has several his songs in continue to tour and record music, this song is from1980s has been chosen because it is use of a different instruments that were very common minaid producing the song making the creative decisions for recording the song they made some very interesting choice for music, Tom Petty is if we consider a rock musician most of his music is biggest on the guitar. He’s guitarist quite of good guitarist, and most of his music is a features, the guitar quite prominently, the guitar is very important in his recordings. This song uses a some influences from the zither pop movement from 1980s synthesizer. pop we’ll talk about it in another class but zither is abbreviation for synthesizer, synthesizer is a electronic instrument that creates sounds essentially feel mathematics but create sounds that can not be made by normal instrument. A synthesizers to synthesize something is to create something. So a synthesizer is a usually a keyboard like piano that you can create new sounds. So this song is      departure for Tom Petty because it used synthesizer sound also if you look the take look that      you see in right there the word intro. Intro means introduction and I put in parentheses in the blue, found drum machine, sitar, bass, and vocals here are instrument to used and introduction, they used of drum machine is a very common in the center pop. Arena of music, a drum machine is basicly an electronic device that can take the place or supplement or drum dos. Many bands chose to used drum machine instead of real people playing a drum. A drum machine doesn’t make mistakes and keep perfect time, they never slows down they never speeds up, and keeps, where we call perfect time. The sitar, the sitar is an east-Indian instrument ,which you hear of beginning, it’s a strange instrument, looks at vaguaee like a guitar or a actually looks, looks like a will be a airho a little bit, it has a large body which strength attach to long neck. Listen for that the sitar is east-Indian instrument, and when you used in this song which is, you know not particular common sound to use in rock music. Bass, B-A-S-S, Bass guitar usually is feature the plays the best part, but also the synthesizer can play the best part, a vocals , vocals is mean voices people singing and then the introduction the people actually shout a word hey together it’s very interesting. This sound may be a sound you have heard before, and I hope you enjoy discovering new things about it. Let’s listen to Don’t Come Around Here No More, paying close attention to the text in red and blue. The text and red are know about production choices, create it choices that were made in the music, and blue text usually indicates an instrument that is doing that we want to pay attention to, that’s listen and we’ll talk about it someone. ------------------------------------PLAYING MUSIC--------------------------------------------

Alright, that was Don’t Come Around Here No More by Tom Petty and Heartbreakers. I hope you follow alone with the lyrics and notices what is going on in the music, indicated by red text and blue text, we know this sound. This is Don’t Come Around Here No More with guitar solo. This is interesting sound. The guitar is has a special device that is changing the sound. The device called they are wawapeto, wawapeto it is make a certain has the certain effect on guitar sound, and at end the guitar solo is playing again the solo mean that guitar is feature by itself, the a backing a to the corest say Don’t Come Around Here No More with female voices in keyboard melody know that it said female voices in red plus keyboard melody in blue, it is interesting combination in choice instruments, the female voices who are there singing. The keyboard plays a very active a very busy melody with many notes and actually has classical music influence, if you know this up the W text it is below synthesizer sliding up the sounds and red come on there in the second paragraph, that part right there might be what people would consider a bridge, remember we talk about sound structure before. A bridge is a changing in the music that is different from the verses and chorus and creates a bit of interest in a break for the listener from everything he has been hearing or she’s been hearing repeatedly. So those a little bit about production in the song, when you’re listening to the next pages try to think of these things, it’s your listen, and we talked earlier classes about thing and what’s the message of this song and the message in this song is a this the song writer is dressing somebody, telling them and the person singing, who sing Don’t Come Around Here No More, that’s a Tom Petty and the heartbreakers, let’s wave a head.

6-5 More About Instrumentation: Guitars, Bass, Drums, and Keyboards

More about instrumentation guitars, bass, drums, and keyboards. In the photograph have you see the American rock band Journey in concert. Journey was a leading band in 1980s. They were based in the San Francisco be area, a very inferential band and have many great hit songs, my chosen is photograph to electric instrumentation and typical rock band you see on the far left. There is a man playing keyboards. He’s standing behind his piano there, looks like an electronic piano, and then down the second or the first man from the left is a playing bass guitar and in the center you have a singer who is playing no instrument, and then up to the right you see a drummer, when he to his drum kid, he has very large drummer kid. He has very large drum kid and in the front an far right is a guitarist the guitarist is Niushine, Niushine was very influential rock guitar in the 18s. It’s very interesting style. So that’s instrumentation that typical rock band. Let’s take a look at the next page.

6-6 Guitar

Guitar, we are talking about guitar today music and POP music. Big guitar are often feature in rock. It’s always blues. First we have Electric Guitar, there is red guitar there you see, that particular guitar is call a tender caster. This is one of the most common instruments in the rock blues music. It’s a not very expensive and it has a variety of sounds can make, so very popular instrument was musician, next we have acoustic guitar, acoustic guitar in a parentheses you see steel-string guitar. Acoustic means that this guitar make sounds without the eleph electronics. You see the body of the guitar is actually hello, is actually much like a drum, and this is a steel-string guitar which is commonly used in POP rock, country, many sounds o music. It has a bright sound, When we talk about sound, it’s hard to describe a sound. It has would we call the brigt sound, because it string made up the steel. And finally we have classical guitar or nylon string guitar is an older instrument that comes to up from Europe. The first classical guitar was made in Portugal, hundred years ago. And then in Spain. Spin has a long tradition of this type of guitar. Both building guitar , spanish guitar is focus before. High quality and beautiful sound. For both and building guitar and also some of the best music for solo guitar has come from Spain, And there is also the tradition call the tradition call the flamingo guitar which. Let’s sound listen to some example.

6-7 Acoustic steel-string guitar

Here we have a sound to show you what acoustic steel-string guitar sounds like. This is a big review also. Time in a bottle by Jim Croce are singer song writer from 1970s. Wrote beautiful song and had beautiful guitar in a particular song. Actually in the song you hear two acoustic guitar playing together, which is a wonderful sounds, and while we are listening disremember you take a look at the lyrics if you have any questions you should write them down, so you can look up or late that you don’t know or you can ask me when we have class. Let’s listen the Time in a Bottle by the Acoustic steel-string guitar.

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Ok, that was time in a Bottle by Jim Croce some wonderful outro a few moment just guitar music to end of course even by a midterm you should be able to identify the different type of guitar we here in the song we are listening to. Let’s move ahead.

6-8 Classical guitar (nylon string guitar)

Here we have classical guitar, nylon string guitar. This is the song Fragile which we listen to in the previous class looking at lyrics. This is another chance for you to look at lyrics and get to know the song better, but I want you focus on he guitar, some active listening here or active listening for what the guitar is doing, pay attention to the guitar more than anything else as we are listening. Of course you can follow on with the lyrics but listening for the different qualities of the guitar and also good question to ask why it used this in the production. Here is Fragile.

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That was Fragile by Sting with classical guitar feature probably introduction also classical guitar solo in the middle of the song in also I hope you know this at the end of the song the classical guitar less feature in the outro my fade synthesizer. The chimes in the guitar ending the song. A wonderful song by Sting. Feature in the classical guitar and to remind you the song is writing in a sponge to the murder of a man in the South American. And the song at the features Latin groove. And Latin groove is a rhythm that sounds like music from South American. The classical guitar is also very popular in South American. So one might wonder if the guitar was chosen to reflect the music of the South American, that’s well. Ok that’s all we have time for today , a little bit about instrumentation look at the focus on guitar. Next class we will continue with instrumentation in some new and old music and until then. Take care.